The cosmos active galactic nucleus spectroscopic survey. I. XMM-newton counterparts

Jonathan R. Trump, Chris D. Impey, Martin Elvis, Patrick J. McCarthy, John P. Huchra, Marcella Brusa, Mara Salvato, Peter Capak, Nico Cappelluti, Francesca Civano, Andrea Comastri, Jared Gabor, Heng Hao, Gunther Hasinger, Knud Jahnke, Brandon C. Kelly, Simon J. Lilly, Eva Schinnerer, Nick Z. Scoville, Vernesa Smolčić

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95 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present optical spectroscopy for an X-ray and optical flux-limited sample of 677 XMM-Newton selected targets covering the 2 deg2 Cosmic Evolution Survey field, with a yield of 485 high-confidence redshifts. The majority of the spectra were obtained over three seasons (2005-2007) with the Inamori Magellan Areal Camera and Spectrograph instrument on the Magellan (Baade) telescope. We also include in the sample previously published Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectra and supplemental observations with MMT/Hectospec. We detail the observations and classification analyses. The survey is 90% complete to flux limits of f 0.5-10 keV > 8 × 10-16 erg cm-2 s-1 and i + AB < 22, where over 90% of targets have high-confidence redshifts. Making simple corrections for incompleteness due to redshift and spectral type allows for a description of the complete population to i + AB < 23. The corrected sample includes a 57% broad emission line (Type 1, unobscured) active galactic nucleus (AGN) at 0.13 < z < 4.26, 25% narrow emission line (Type 2, obscured) AGN at 0.07 < z < 1.29, and 18% absorption line (host-dominated, obscured) AGN at 0 < z < 1.22 (excluding the stars that made up 4% of the X-ray targets). We show that the survey's limits in X-ray and optical fluxes include nearly all X-ray AGNs (defined by L 0.5-10 keV > 3 × 1042 erg s-1) to z < 1, of both optically obscured and unobscured types. We find statistically significant evidence that the obscured-to-unobscured AGN ratio at z < 1 increases with redshift and decreases with luminosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1195-1212
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume696
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2009

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Keywords

  • X-rays: galaxies
  • galaxies: Seyfert
  • galaxies: active
  • quasars: general
  • surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Trump, J. R., Impey, C. D., Elvis, M., McCarthy, P. J., Huchra, J. P., Brusa, M., Salvato, M., Capak, P., Cappelluti, N., Civano, F., Comastri, A., Gabor, J., Hao, H., Hasinger, G., Jahnke, K., Kelly, B. C., Lilly, S. J., Schinnerer, E., Scoville, N. Z., & Smolčić, V. (2009). The cosmos active galactic nucleus spectroscopic survey. I. XMM-newton counterparts. Astrophysical Journal, 696(2), 1195-1212. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/696/2/1195