The complement cascade at the Utah microelectrode-tissue interface

Cassie Bennett, Anabel Álvarez-Ciara, Melissa Franklin, W. Dalton Dietrich, Abhishek Prasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Devices implanted within the central nervous system (CNS) are subjected to tissue reactivity due to the lack of biocompatibility between implanted material and the cells’ microenvironment. Studies have attributed blood-brain barrier disruption, inflammation, and oxidative stress as main contributing factors that lead to electrode recording failure. The complement cascade is a part of the innate immunity that focuses on recognizing and targeting foreign objects; however, its role in the context of neural implants is substantially unknown. In this study, we implanted a non-functional 4x4 Utah microelectrode array (UEA) into the somatosensory cortex and studied the complement cascade via combined gene and immunohistochemistry quantification at acute (48-h), sub-acute (1-week), and early chronic (4-weeks) time points. The results of this study demonstrate the activation and continuation of the complement cascade at the electrode-tissue interface, illustrating the therapeutic potential of modulating the foreign body response via the complement cascade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number120583
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Biocompatibility
  • Complement activating
  • Complement cascade
  • Foreign body response
  • Utah arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Mechanics of Materials


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