The Combined Sensor Program: An Air-Sea Science Mission in the Central and Western Pacific Ocean

Madison J. Post, Christopher W. Fairall, Jack B. Snider, Yong Han, Allen B. White, Warner L. Ecklund, Klaus M. Weickmann, Patricia K. Quinn, Daniel I. Cooper, Steven M. Sekelsky, Robert E. McIntosh, Peter Minnett, Robert O. Knuteson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Twelve national research organizations joined forces on a 30-day, 6800 n mi survey of the Central and Tropical Western Pacific on NOAA's Research Vessel Discoverer. The Combined Sensor Program (CSP), which began in American Samoa on 14 March 1996, visited Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, and ended in Hawaii on 13 April, used a unique combination of in situ, satellite, and remote season to better understand relationships between atmospheric and oceanic variables that affect radiative balance in this climatically important region. Besides continuously measuring both shortwave and longwave radiative fluxes, CSP instruments also measured most other factors affecting the radiative balance, including profiles of clouds (lidar and radar), aerosols (in situ and lidar), moisture (balloons, lidar, and radiometers), and sea surface temperature (thermometers and Fourier Transform Infrared Radiometers). Surface fluxes of heat, momentum, and moisture were also measured continuously. The Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program used the mission to validate similar measurements made at their CART site on Manus Island and to investigate the effect (if any) of large nearby landmasses on the island-based measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2797-2815
Number of pages19
JournalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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