The combination of antagonists of LHRH with antagonists of GHRH improves inhibition of androgen sensitive MDA-PCa-2b and LuCaP-35 prostate cancers

Anton Stangelberger, Andrew V. Schally, Marta Zarandi, Elmar Heinrich, Kate Groot, Alexandre Havt, Celia A. Kanashiro, Jozsef L. Varga, Gabor Halmos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Antagonists of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) could extend the duration of response of androgen sensitive prostate cancers to androgen deprivation. METHODS. We investigated the effect of new GHRH antagonists MZ-J-7-118 and MZ-J-7-138 and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) antagonist Cetrorelix or castration on androgen sensitive MDA-PCa-2b and LuCaP-35 prostate cancer models xenografted into nude mice. Animals bearing androgen-independent LuCaP-35V prostatic cancer model were also treated with MZ-J-7-118. RESULTS. Receptors for LHRH and GHRH were present in MDA-PCA-2b, LuCaP-35, and LuCaP-35V tumors. GHRH antagonists increased the inhibitory effect of surgical castration and LHRH antagonists on androgen sensitive MDA-PCa-2b and LuCaP-35 rumors. The time to relapse of androgen-dependent LuCaP-35 tumors was extended by GHRH antagonists. Growth of androgen-independent LuCaP-35V xenografts was also significantly inhibited by MZ-J-7-118. In MDA-PCa-2b rumors treatment with MZ-J-7-118 caused a significant decrease of VEGF and Cetrorelix or its combination with MZ-J-7-118 reduced EGF. The Bmax of EGF receptors was significantly reduced by Cetrorelix, MZ-J-7-118 and their combination. CONCLUSIONS. Our findings suggest that the use of a combination of antagonists of GHRH and LHRH could improve the therapy for androgen sensitive prostate cancer. Antagonists of GHRH could be also considered for treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1339-1353
Number of pages15
JournalProstate
Volume67
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

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Keywords

  • GHRH antagonists
  • LHRH antagonists
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Stangelberger, A., Schally, A. V., Zarandi, M., Heinrich, E., Groot, K., Havt, A., Kanashiro, C. A., Varga, J. L., & Halmos, G. (2007). The combination of antagonists of LHRH with antagonists of GHRH improves inhibition of androgen sensitive MDA-PCa-2b and LuCaP-35 prostate cancers. Prostate, 67(12), 1339-1353. https://doi.org/10.1002/pros.20605