The cold pressor test: Vascular and myocardial response patterns and their stability

PATRICE G. SAAB, MARIA M. LLABRE, BARRY E. HURWITZ, NEIL SCHNEIDERMAN, WILLIAM WOHLGEMUTH, LYNN A. DUREL, CLIFFORD MASSIE, JOACHIM NAGEL

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purposes of the present study were to compare the cardiovascular response patterns evoked by three versions of the cold pressor test (either forehead stimulation or hand or foot immersion) and to determine the reproducibility of the responses over a 2-week interval. Blood pressure, heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, and systolic time intervals were obtained during rest and during the cold pressor test in 42 young men. Across conditions, the pressor response was supported by peripheral resistance increases with concomitant stroke volume decreases. Although the response patterns were generally similar across sites, exceptions were apparent for heart rate. Forehead stimulation was characterized by no significant change in heart rate, whereas limb (hand or foot) immersion was associated with significant heart rate acceleration. The responses elicited by the three cold pressor test conditions were reliable and showed little evidence of attenuation over the test-retest interval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1993

Keywords

  • Cardiac output
  • Cold pressor test
  • Generalizability
  • Impedance cardiography
  • Systolic time intervals
  • Total peripheral resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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