The cold pressor test

Vascular and myocardial response patterns and their stability

Patrice Saab, Maria Llabre, Barry Hurwitz, Neil Schneiderman, W. Wohlgemuth, L. A. Durel, C. Massie, J. Nagel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purposes of the present study were to compare the cardiovascular response patterns evoked by three versions of the cold pressor test (either forehead stimulation or hand or foot immersion) and to determine the reproducibility of the responses over a 2-week interval. Blood pressure, heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, total peripheral resistance, and systolic time intervals were obtained during rest and during the cold pressor test in 42 young men. Across conditions, the pressor response was supported by peripheral resistance increases with concomitant stroke volume decreases. Although the response patterns were generally similar across sites, exceptions were apparent for heart rate. Forehead stimulation was characterized by no significant change in heart rate, whereas limb (hand or foot) immersion was associated with significant heart rate acceleration. The responses elicited by the three cold pressor test conditions were reliable and showed little evidence of attenuation over the test-retest interval.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-373
Number of pages8
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume30
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint

Blood Vessels
Immersion Foot
Heart Rate
Forehead
Vascular Resistance
Stroke Volume
Hand
Systole
Cardiac Output
Extremities
Blood Pressure

Keywords

  • Cardiac output
  • Cold pressor test
  • Generalizability
  • Impedance cardiography
  • Systolic time intervals
  • Total peripheral resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

The cold pressor test : Vascular and myocardial response patterns and their stability. / Saab, Patrice; Llabre, Maria; Hurwitz, Barry; Schneiderman, Neil; Wohlgemuth, W.; Durel, L. A.; Massie, C.; Nagel, J.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.01.1993, p. 366-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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