The coastal marine ecosystem of south florida, United States

Diego Lirman, Jerald S. Ault, James W. Fourqurean, Jerome J. Lorenz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The coastal marine ecosystem of South Florida, United States comprises mangrove forests, extensive seagrass beds, and the only tropical coral reef system in the continental United States. These productive coastal habitats and the services they provide are especially important to the economy of the region that is largely based on tourism, fishing, and recreation. Found adjacent to large urban centers such as the city of Miami, mangroves, seagrasses, coral reefs, and associated organisms are highly influenced by human interactions, especially related to changes in the flow of freshwater from the Florida Everglades. Decadal patterns of decline, increasing human pressures, and global climate change factors such as increased temperature, acidification, and sea-level rise combine to place these habitats at risk. However, several actions such as the ongoing restoration of the Everglades watershed, additional marine protected zones, improvements in water quality, and local climate-change adaptation strategies are being proposed and implemented to mitigate these impacts and reverse declining trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Seas
Subtitle of host publicationAn Environmental Evaluation Volume I: Europe, the Americas and West Africa
PublisherElsevier
Pages427-444
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780128050682
ISBN (Print)9780128052020
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Coral reefs
  • Fisheries
  • Florida Everglades
  • Freshwater
  • Mangroves
  • Marine ecosystem
  • Reef fish
  • Restoration
  • Seagrasses
  • South florida

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Lirman, D., Ault, J. S., Fourqurean, J. W., & Lorenz, J. J. (2018). The coastal marine ecosystem of south florida, United States. In World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation Volume I: Europe, the Americas and West Africa (pp. 427-444). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-805068-2.00021-8