The coaching efficacy scale II-high school teams

Nicholas D. Myers, Deborah L. Feltz, Melissa A. Chase, Mark D. Reckase, Gregory R. Hancock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The purpose of this validity study was to improve measurement of coaching efficacy, an important variable in models of coaching effectiveness. A revised version of the coaching efficacy scale (CES) was developed for head coaches of high school teams (CES II-HST). Data were collected from head coaches of 14 relevant high school sports (N = 799). Exploratory factor analysis (n = 250) and a conceptual understanding of the construct of interest led to the selection of 18 items. A single-group confirmatory factor analysis (CFA; n = 549) provided evidence for close model-data fit. A multigroup CFA provided evidence for factorial invariance by gender of the coach (n = 588).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1059-1076
Number of pages18
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Coaching efficacy
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Self-efficacy
  • Structural equation modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'The coaching efficacy scale II-high school teams'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this