The chromium isotope composition of reducing and oxic marine sediments

Bleuenn Gueguen, Christopher T. Reinhard, Thomas J. Algeo, Larry C. Peterson, Sune G. Nielsen, Xiangli Wang, Harry Rowe, Noah J. Planavsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chromium (Cr) isotope composition of marine sediments has the potential to provide new insights into the evolution of Earth-surface redox conditions. There are significant but poorly constrained isotope fractionations associated with oxidative subaerial weathering and riverine transport, the major source of seawater Cr, and with partial Cr reduction during burial in marine sediments, the major sink for seawater Cr. A more comprehensive understanding of these processes is needed to establish global Cr isotope mass balance and to gauge the utility of Cr isotopes as a paleoredox proxy. For these purposes, we investigated the Cr isotope composition of reducing sediments from the upwelling zone of the Peru Margin and the deep Cariaco Basin. Chromium is present in marine sediments in both detrital and authigenic phases, and to estimate the isotopic composition of the authigenic fraction, we measured δ53Cr on a weakly acid-leached fraction in addition to the bulk sediment. In an effort to examine potential variability in the Cr isotope composition of the detrital fraction, we also measured δ53Cr on a variety of oxic marine sediments that contain minimal authigenic Cr. The average δ53Cr value of the oxic sediments examined here is -0.05 ± 0.10‰ (2σ, n = 25), which is within the range of δ53Cr values characteristic of the bulk silicate Earth. This implies that uncertainty in estimates of authigenic δ53Cr values based on bulk sediment analyses is mainly linked to estimation of the ratio of Cr in detrital versus authigenic phases, rather than to the Cr-isotopic composition of the detrital pool. Leaches of Cariaco Basin sediments have an average δ53Cr value of +0.38 ± 0.10‰ (2σ, n = 7), which shows no dependency on sample location within the basin and is close to that of Atlantic deepwater Cr (~+0.5‰). This suggests that authigenic Cr in anoxic sediments may reliably reflect the first-order Cr isotope composition of deepwaters. For Peru Margin samples, the average δ53Cr values of bulk sediments (+0.59 ± 0.06‰; 2σ) and leach fractions (+0.61 ± 0.06‰; 2σ) are also comparable with those of Cariaco Basin samples and modern deepwater values. Finally, we found that the δ53Cr of Peru Margin samples correlates with δ15N on glacial-interglacial timescales, which we attribute to secular variation in basinal or global-ocean redox conditions. Thus, the δ53Cr stratigraphic record of Peru Margin sediments indicates that Cr isotopes may be suited to tracking geologically short-term changes in ocean oxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Chromium isotope
  • Glacial-interglacial
  • Nitrogen isotope
  • Ocean oxygenation
  • Redox proxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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