The Challenge of Being Both Local and Global: Bicultural Identity Integration among Indigenous Ladakhi Youth in Delhi

Simon Ozer, Veronica Benet-Martínez, Seth J. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ladakhi emerging adults have been exposed to cultural globalization through interaction with tourists and media, as well as through prolonged stays at globalized university contexts in major Indian cities. This globalization process has been hypothesized as detrimental to psychological health, in part because it poses the challenge of integrating a local Ladakhi identity with a global Western cultural identity. In the present study, we examined how exposure to cultural globalization and bicultural identity integration (tendency to bring together one’s local and global identities) moderates the positive links of Ladakhi and Western cultural orientation with psychological well-being among Ladakhis studying in Delhi (N = 196). We found that exposure to cultural globalization did not affect the positive association between cultural orientation and psychological well-being. Moreover, bicultural harmony and blendedness were associated with a weaker relationship between Ladakhi cultural orientation and psychological well-being and, additionally, a stronger association between Western cultural orientation and well-being. Our results highlight contemporary challenges related to being both local and global in a culturally globalized context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)680-700
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • acculturation
  • bicultural identity integration
  • biculturalism
  • cultural identity
  • globalization
  • Ladakh

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

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