The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope

Blast

E. Pascale, P. A R Ade, J. J. Bock, E. L. Chapin, J. Chung, M. J. Devlin, S. Dicker, M. Griffin, Joshua Gundersen, M. Halpern, P. C. Hargrave, D. H. Hughes, J. Klein, C. J. MacTavish, G. Marsden, P. G. Martin, T. G. Martin, P. Mauskopf, C. B. Netterfield, L. Olmi & 10 others G. Patanchon, M. Rex, D. Scott, C. Semisch, N. Thomas, M. D P Truch, C. Tucker, G. S. Tucker, M. P. Viero, D. V. Wiebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

136 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope (BLAST) is a suborbital surveying experiment designed to study the evolutionary history and processes of star formation in local galaxies (including the Milky Way) and galaxies at cosmological distances. The BLAST continuum camera, which consists of 270 detectors distributed between three arrays, observes simultaneously in broadband (30%) spectral windows at 250, 350, and 500 μm. The optical design is based on a 2 m diameter telescope, providing a diffraction-limited resolution of 30″ at 250 μm. The gondola pointing system enables raster mapping of arbitrary geometry, with a repeatable positional accuracy of ∼30″; postflight pointing reconstruction to ≲5″ rms is achieved. The onboard telescope control software permits autonomous execution of a preselected set of maps, with the option of manual override. In this paper we describe the primary characteristics and measured in-flight performance of BLAST. BLAST performed a test flight in 2003 and has since made two scientifically productive long-duration balloon flights: a 100 hr flight from ESRANGE (Kiruna), Sweden to Victoria Island, northern Canada in 2005 June; and a 250 hr, circumpolar flight from McMurdo Station, Antarctica, in 2006 December.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-414
Number of pages15
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume681
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint

blasts
balloons
apertures
flight
telescopes
galaxies
balloon flight
flight characteristics
raster
flight tests
Sweden
diffraction
surveying
Antarctic regions
Canada
star formation
software
geometry
stations
cameras

Keywords

  • Balloons
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Instrumentation: miscellaneous
  • Stars: formation
  • Submillimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Pascale, E., Ade, P. A. R., Bock, J. J., Chapin, E. L., Chung, J., Devlin, M. J., ... Wiebe, D. V. (2008). The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope: Blast. Astrophysical Journal, 681(1), 400-414. https://doi.org/10.1086/588541

The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope : Blast. / Pascale, E.; Ade, P. A R; Bock, J. J.; Chapin, E. L.; Chung, J.; Devlin, M. J.; Dicker, S.; Griffin, M.; Gundersen, Joshua; Halpern, M.; Hargrave, P. C.; Hughes, D. H.; Klein, J.; MacTavish, C. J.; Marsden, G.; Martin, P. G.; Martin, T. G.; Mauskopf, P.; Netterfield, C. B.; Olmi, L.; Patanchon, G.; Rex, M.; Scott, D.; Semisch, C.; Thomas, N.; Truch, M. D P; Tucker, C.; Tucker, G. S.; Viero, M. P.; Wiebe, D. V.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 681, No. 1, 01.07.2008, p. 400-414.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pascale, E, Ade, PAR, Bock, JJ, Chapin, EL, Chung, J, Devlin, MJ, Dicker, S, Griffin, M, Gundersen, J, Halpern, M, Hargrave, PC, Hughes, DH, Klein, J, MacTavish, CJ, Marsden, G, Martin, PG, Martin, TG, Mauskopf, P, Netterfield, CB, Olmi, L, Patanchon, G, Rex, M, Scott, D, Semisch, C, Thomas, N, Truch, MDP, Tucker, C, Tucker, GS, Viero, MP & Wiebe, DV 2008, 'The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope: Blast', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 681, no. 1, pp. 400-414. https://doi.org/10.1086/588541
Pascale E, Ade PAR, Bock JJ, Chapin EL, Chung J, Devlin MJ et al. The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope: Blast. Astrophysical Journal. 2008 Jul 1;681(1):400-414. https://doi.org/10.1086/588541
Pascale, E. ; Ade, P. A R ; Bock, J. J. ; Chapin, E. L. ; Chung, J. ; Devlin, M. J. ; Dicker, S. ; Griffin, M. ; Gundersen, Joshua ; Halpern, M. ; Hargrave, P. C. ; Hughes, D. H. ; Klein, J. ; MacTavish, C. J. ; Marsden, G. ; Martin, P. G. ; Martin, T. G. ; Mauskopf, P. ; Netterfield, C. B. ; Olmi, L. ; Patanchon, G. ; Rex, M. ; Scott, D. ; Semisch, C. ; Thomas, N. ; Truch, M. D P ; Tucker, C. ; Tucker, G. S. ; Viero, M. P. ; Wiebe, D. V. / The balloon-borne large aperture submillimeter telescope : Blast. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2008 ; Vol. 681, No. 1. pp. 400-414.
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