The balloon-borne large aperture sub-millimeter telescope

G. S. Tucker, P. A.R. Ade, J. J. Bock, M. Devlin, M. Griffin, J. Gundersen, M. Halpern, P. Hargrave, D. Hughes, J. Klein, P. Mauskopf, C. B. Netterfield, L. Olmi, D. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The balloon-borne large aperture sub-millimeter telescope (BLAST) is a new instrument to study galaxies at high redshift and to help answer questions about our galaxy and star formation. BLAST will fly from a long duration balloon. The telescope design incorporates a 2-m primary mirror with large-format bolometer arrays operating at 250, 350 and 500 μm with 149, 88 and 43 detectors, respectively. By providing the first sensitive large-area (Gt;10 deg 2 ) sub-mm surveys at these wavelengths, BLAST will address some of the most important galactic and cosmological questions regarding the formation and evolution of stars, galaxies and clusters. Galactic and extragalactic BLAST surveys will do the following: (i) identify large numbers of high-redshift galaxies; (ii) measure photometric redshifts, rest-frame far-infrared luminosities and star formation rates thereby constraining the evolutionary history of the galaxies that produce the far-infrared and sub-mm background; (iii) measure cold pre-stellar sources associated with the earliest stages of star and planet formation; (iv) make high-resolution maps of diffuse galactic emission over a wide range of galactic latitudes. The BLAST long duration balloon experiment will also provide catalogues of 3000-5000 extragalactic sub-mm sources and a ≫100 deg 2 sub-mm galactic plane survey which will serve as a legacy to be followed at other wavelengths and resolutions, including sub-arcsecond imaging with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1793-1796
Number of pages4
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Keywords

  • BLAST
  • Galaxies
  • Scientific ballooning
  • Sub-millimeter surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Tucker, G. S., Ade, P. A. R., Bock, J. J., Devlin, M., Griffin, M., Gundersen, J., Halpern, M., Hargrave, P., Hughes, D., Klein, J., Mauskopf, P., Netterfield, C. B., Olmi, L., & Scott, D. (2004). The balloon-borne large aperture sub-millimeter telescope. Advances in Space Research, 33(10), 1793-1796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2003.05.022