The association of organized and unorganized physical activity and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms in Hispanic adolescents

Lila Asfour, Maryann Koussa, Tatiana Perrino, Mark Stoutenberg, Guillermo J Prado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Literature suggests that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior may be associated with adolescent mental health symptoms. A gap in the literature is whether different types of PA have unique impacts on internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This study separately assesses the association of organized PA, unorganized PA, and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Method: This study analyzed baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention with 575 Hispanic adolescents. Using separate multivariable linear mixed models, the relationship between the independent variables of PA and sedentary behavior and the dependent variables of internalizing and externalizing symptoms was evaluated. Results: Organized PA was not associated with internalizing or externalizing symptoms; however, higher levels of unorganized PA were associated with greater internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Increased sedentary behavior was also associated with higher levels of externalizing symptoms, but not internalizing symptoms. Conclusions: Implications of this study highlight the need to examine types of PA separately as they may differentially deferentially influence adolescent mental health symptoms. Potential explanations for these findings and suggested further analyses are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChild and Adolescent Mental Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2015

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Hispanic Americans
Exercise
Mental Health
Linear Models
Randomized Controlled Trials

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Hispanic
  • Mental health
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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title = "The association of organized and unorganized physical activity and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms in Hispanic adolescents",
abstract = "Background: Literature suggests that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior may be associated with adolescent mental health symptoms. A gap in the literature is whether different types of PA have unique impacts on internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This study separately assesses the association of organized PA, unorganized PA, and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Method: This study analyzed baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention with 575 Hispanic adolescents. Using separate multivariable linear mixed models, the relationship between the independent variables of PA and sedentary behavior and the dependent variables of internalizing and externalizing symptoms was evaluated. Results: Organized PA was not associated with internalizing or externalizing symptoms; however, higher levels of unorganized PA were associated with greater internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Increased sedentary behavior was also associated with higher levels of externalizing symptoms, but not internalizing symptoms. Conclusions: Implications of this study highlight the need to examine types of PA separately as they may differentially deferentially influence adolescent mental health symptoms. Potential explanations for these findings and suggested further analyses are discussed.",
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T1 - The association of organized and unorganized physical activity and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms in Hispanic adolescents

AU - Asfour, Lila

AU - Koussa, Maryann

AU - Perrino, Tatiana

AU - Stoutenberg, Mark

AU - Prado, Guillermo J

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: Literature suggests that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior may be associated with adolescent mental health symptoms. A gap in the literature is whether different types of PA have unique impacts on internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This study separately assesses the association of organized PA, unorganized PA, and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Method: This study analyzed baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention with 575 Hispanic adolescents. Using separate multivariable linear mixed models, the relationship between the independent variables of PA and sedentary behavior and the dependent variables of internalizing and externalizing symptoms was evaluated. Results: Organized PA was not associated with internalizing or externalizing symptoms; however, higher levels of unorganized PA were associated with greater internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Increased sedentary behavior was also associated with higher levels of externalizing symptoms, but not internalizing symptoms. Conclusions: Implications of this study highlight the need to examine types of PA separately as they may differentially deferentially influence adolescent mental health symptoms. Potential explanations for these findings and suggested further analyses are discussed.

AB - Background: Literature suggests that physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior may be associated with adolescent mental health symptoms. A gap in the literature is whether different types of PA have unique impacts on internalizing and externalizing symptoms. This study separately assesses the association of organized PA, unorganized PA, and sedentary behavior with internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Method: This study analyzed baseline data from a randomized controlled trial of a preventive intervention with 575 Hispanic adolescents. Using separate multivariable linear mixed models, the relationship between the independent variables of PA and sedentary behavior and the dependent variables of internalizing and externalizing symptoms was evaluated. Results: Organized PA was not associated with internalizing or externalizing symptoms; however, higher levels of unorganized PA were associated with greater internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Increased sedentary behavior was also associated with higher levels of externalizing symptoms, but not internalizing symptoms. Conclusions: Implications of this study highlight the need to examine types of PA separately as they may differentially deferentially influence adolescent mental health symptoms. Potential explanations for these findings and suggested further analyses are discussed.

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KW - Sedentary behavior

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