The Association Between Social and Spatial Closeness With PrEP Conversations Among Latino Men Who Have Sex With Men

Cho Hee Shrader, Juan Arroyo-Flores, Justin Stoler, John Skvoretz, Adam Carrico, Susanne Doblecki-Lewis, Mariano Kanamori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: US Latino men who have sex with men (LMSM) are a group at highest risk for HIV. One driver of HIV among LMSM is inadequate access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) information. The social network theory of homophily suggests that sharing similar sociodemographic factors could influence PrEP conversations within networks. This study aimed to determine how the effects of homophily across sociodemographic, immigration, cultural, and PrEP-related factors are associated with PrEP-related communication. SETTING: This study was conducted in Miami-Dade County, FL. METHODS: Data collected between August 2018 and October 2019 included 10 sociocentric friendship groups of 13 LMSM (N = 130). Participants were recruited using respondent-driven sampling by a community-based organization in Miami. We used the multiple regression quadratic assignment procedure to identify the effects of homophily and relationship characteristics on PrEP-related conversations using R software. RESULTS: More frequent PrEP-related conversations were associated with dyadic friendships characterized by homophily on knowledge of PrEP effectiveness, heterophily on depressive symptom severity, home addresses proximity, friend closeness, and interaction frequency. Past PrEP-related conversation frequency also increased based on heterophily on the Latino cultural value of familism (ie, emotional support to family). Racial homophily, heterophily on severity of depressive symptoms, home addresses proximity, friendship closeness, and frequency of interactions increased likelihood to encourage a friend to use PrEP. DISCUSSION: Social and spatial closeness and homophily play a role in PrEP-related conversations. Information from social networks contextualized in geographic settings can be elucidated to contribute toward the design of novel opportunities to end HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)366-375
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Volume88
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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