The association between perceived racial discrimination and subclinical symptoms of psychosis

Daisy Lopez, Olivia Altamirano, Amy Weisman de Mamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling disorders with the poorest outcomes. Cross-cultural research indicates an association between perceived racial discrimination and depression, anxiety, general psychological distress, and psychotic-spectrum disorders. Studies also find that coping moderates the relationship between discrimination and depression. Assessing subclinical symptoms may be useful in prevention efforts. Aims: The study aims to (1) assess if perceived racial discrimination is associated with psychosis subclinical symptoms among a non-clinical sample and (2) examine the role of maladaptive coping and depression, anxiety, and stress. Methods: The sample consisted of 261 ethnic minority undergraduate students. A structural equation model using a subclinical psychosis latent variable within a moderated mediation model assessed relationships between racial discrimination, maladaptive coping, depression, anxiety, and stress, and subclinical psychosis. Results: Perceived racial discrimination was associated with greater subclinical symptoms of psychosis through increased depression, anxiety, and stress at greater levels of maladaptive coping. Conclusions: Knowing risk factors that can be targeted, such as perceived discrimination and maladaptive coping, may have implications for vulnerable populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Mental Health
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • coping
  • culture
  • discrimination
  • race
  • Subclinical psychosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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