The Association Between Homophily on Illicit Drug Use and PrEP Conversations Among Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men Friends: A Dyadic Network and Spatially Explicit Study

Mariano Kanamori, Cho Hee Shrader, Ariana Johnson, Juan Arroyo-Flores, Edda Rodriguez, John Skvoretz, Stephen Fallon, Victor Gonzalez, Steven Safren, Mark Williams, Susanne Doblecki-Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the wide availability of PrEP, Latino men who have sex with men (LMSM) continue to experience access barriers. Novel HIV prevention research strategies to increase PrEP uptake and adherence among the high incidence populations, such as LMSM who misuse drugs, include social network analyses. This study identified the associations of drug use homophily within LMSM friendship networks and PrEP promotion conversations and described the physical overlap between geographic drug risk areas with conversations of PrEP promotion. Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit 10 sociocentric networks. Quadratic assignment procedure (QAP) correlations and multiple regression QAPs were used to identify influences of drug use homophily, and geocoding and visualizations to describe drug use polygons and PrEP conversations. Friendship relationships in which both friends used cocaine or marijuana were more likely to report PrEP-related conversations in the past six months. The likelihood of talking about PrEP in the next six months was higher among dyads with cocaine use homophily and ecstasy use homophily, while lower among dyads with marijuana use homophily. Participants reported using marijuana and cocaine throughout Miami-Dade County while ecstasy polygons were mostly in urban areas. The majority of drug polygons associated with PrEP conversations were located in north and central Miami. Future interventions can consider enrolling entire sociocentric friendship groups, configuring friendship networks to connect those without PrEP information to those with information, and incorporating peer leaders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Geographic mapping
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis
  • Sexual and gender minorities
  • Social networking
  • Substance-related disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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