The association between functional assessment and structural brain biomarkers in an ethnically diverse sample with normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment, or dementia

Fernanda Arruda, Mónica Rosselli, Maria T. Greig, David A. Loewenstein, Merike Lang, Valeria L. Torres, Idaly Vélez-Uribe, Joshua Conniff, Warren W. Barker, Rosie E. Curiel, Malek Adjouadi, Ranjan Duara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association between the functional activities questionnaire (FAQ) and brain biomarkers (bilateral hippocampal volume [HV], bilateral entorhinal volume [ERV], and entorhinal cortical thickness [ERT]) in cognitively normal (CN) individuals, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), or dementia. Method: In total, 226 participants (137 females; mean age = 71.76, SD = 7.93; Hispanic Americans = 137; European Americans = 89) were assessed with a comprehensive clinical examination, a neuropsychological battery, a structural magnetic resonance imaging, and were classified as CN or diagnosed with MCI or dementia. Linear regression analyses examined the association between functional activities as measured by the FAQ on brain biomarkers, including HV, ERV, and ERT, controlling for age, education, global cognition, gender, and ethnicity. Results: The FAQ significantly predicted HV, ERV, and ERT for the entire sample. However, this association was not significant for ERV and ERT when excluding the dementia group. The FAQ score remained a significant predictor of HV for the non-dementia group. Age, education, gender, ethnicity, Montreal Cognitive Assessment score, and FAQ were also significant predictors of HV for the overall sample, suggesting that younger Hispanic females with fewer years of education, higher global mental status, and better functioning, were more likely to have larger HV. Conclusion: FAQ scores were related to HV in older adults across clinical groups (CN, MCI, and dementia), but its association with the entorhinal cortex was driven by individuals with dementia. Demographic variables, including ethnicity, additionally influenced these associations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alzheimer 's disease
  • Aβ load
  • Brain biomarkers
  • Entorhinal volume
  • Functional Activities Questionnaire
  • Functional assessment
  • Hippocampal volume
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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