The activity coefficients of Fe(III) hydroxide complexes in NaCl and NaClO4 solutions

Frank J Millero, Denis Pierrot

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The osmotic coefficients of FeCl3 at 25 °C from 0.15 to 1.7 m [Rumyantsev et al., Z. Phys. Chem., 218, 1089-1127, 2004] have been used to determine the Pitzer parameters (β(0), β(1) and Cφ{symbol}) for FeCl3. Since the differences in the Pitzer coefficients of rare earths in NaCl and NaClO4 are small, the values of Fe(ClO4)3 have been estimated using the differences between La(ClO4)3 and LaCl3. The Pitzer coefficients for FeCl3 combined with enthalpy and heat capacity data for the rare earths can be used to estimate the activity coefficients of Fe3+ in NaCl over a wide range of temperatures (0 to 50 °C) and ionic strength (0 to 6 m). The activity coefficients of Fe3+ in NaCl and NaClO4 solutions have been used to determine the activity coefficients of Fe(OH)2+ in these solutions from the measured first hydrolysis constants of Fe3+ [Byrne et al., Mar. Chem., 97, 34-48, 2005]. The activity coefficients of Fe(OH)2 +, Fe(OH)3 and Fe(OH)4 - from 0 to 50 °C have also been determined from the solubility measurements of Fe(III) in NaCl solutions [Liu and Millero, Geochim. Cosmochim Acta, 63, 3487-3497, 1999]. These activity coefficients have been fitted to the Pitzer equations. These results can be used to estimate the speciation of Fe(III) with OH- in natural waters with high concentrations of NaCl from 0 to 50 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4825-4833
Number of pages9
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 15 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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