The action pattern of d-enzyme, a transmaltodextrinylase from potato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Potato D-enzyme is a transglycosylase that disproportionates maltotriose and higher maltodextrins by the transfer of maltodextrinyl radicals between maltodextrins. with the rupture and re-formation of α-(1 → 4)-d-glucosidic bonds. Only maltodextrins or similarly structured polymers are group-donating substrates. d-Glucose and a variety of other sugars can act as acceptors. Earlier workers had noted that D-enzyme appears to operate on maltodextrins under constraint. Maltose is not a donor substrate. Only one bond in maltotriose, that at the reducing end, is acted on. In the higher dextrins, there are two "forbidden" linkages. The nonreducing-end bond, and that penultimate to the reducing end, cannot be split. The present paper tests and fully supports the hypothesis of forbidden linkages and their locations in the donating molecule. The tests have involved quantitative examination of the way in which (a) maltodextrins and d-glucose-14C interact in the presence of D-enzyme, and (b) maltotriose-14C is disproportionated into d-glucose and other maltodextrins. It is noted that maltosyl groups are transferred more rapidly than any larger group, and that the rate of transfer of the maltosyl group to d-glucose is equal in malto-triose, -pentaose, and -hexaose. (A maltosyl group cannot be transferred from the tetraose.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-490
Number of pages8
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Volume9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 1969
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Solanum tuberosum
4 alpha-glucanotransferase
Enzymes
Glucose
Dextrins
Trioses
Maltose
Substrates
Sugars
maltodextrin
Rupture
Polymers
Molecules
maltotriose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

The action pattern of d-enzyme, a transmaltodextrinylase from potato. / Jones, G.; Whelan, William J.

In: Carbohydrate Research, Vol. 9, No. 4, 01.04.1969, p. 483-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6829d424fd3345a5944cfcac4490a591,
title = "The action pattern of d-enzyme, a transmaltodextrinylase from potato",
abstract = "Potato D-enzyme is a transglycosylase that disproportionates maltotriose and higher maltodextrins by the transfer of maltodextrinyl radicals between maltodextrins. with the rupture and re-formation of α-(1 → 4)-d-glucosidic bonds. Only maltodextrins or similarly structured polymers are group-donating substrates. d-Glucose and a variety of other sugars can act as acceptors. Earlier workers had noted that D-enzyme appears to operate on maltodextrins under constraint. Maltose is not a donor substrate. Only one bond in maltotriose, that at the reducing end, is acted on. In the higher dextrins, there are two {"}forbidden{"} linkages. The nonreducing-end bond, and that penultimate to the reducing end, cannot be split. The present paper tests and fully supports the hypothesis of forbidden linkages and their locations in the donating molecule. The tests have involved quantitative examination of the way in which (a) maltodextrins and d-glucose-14C interact in the presence of D-enzyme, and (b) maltotriose-14C is disproportionated into d-glucose and other maltodextrins. It is noted that maltosyl groups are transferred more rapidly than any larger group, and that the rate of transfer of the maltosyl group to d-glucose is equal in malto-triose, -pentaose, and -hexaose. (A maltosyl group cannot be transferred from the tetraose.).",
author = "G. Jones and Whelan, {William J.}",
year = "1969",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "483--490",
journal = "Carbohydrate Research",
issn = "0008-6215",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The action pattern of d-enzyme, a transmaltodextrinylase from potato

AU - Jones, G.

AU - Whelan, William J.

PY - 1969/4/1

Y1 - 1969/4/1

N2 - Potato D-enzyme is a transglycosylase that disproportionates maltotriose and higher maltodextrins by the transfer of maltodextrinyl radicals between maltodextrins. with the rupture and re-formation of α-(1 → 4)-d-glucosidic bonds. Only maltodextrins or similarly structured polymers are group-donating substrates. d-Glucose and a variety of other sugars can act as acceptors. Earlier workers had noted that D-enzyme appears to operate on maltodextrins under constraint. Maltose is not a donor substrate. Only one bond in maltotriose, that at the reducing end, is acted on. In the higher dextrins, there are two "forbidden" linkages. The nonreducing-end bond, and that penultimate to the reducing end, cannot be split. The present paper tests and fully supports the hypothesis of forbidden linkages and their locations in the donating molecule. The tests have involved quantitative examination of the way in which (a) maltodextrins and d-glucose-14C interact in the presence of D-enzyme, and (b) maltotriose-14C is disproportionated into d-glucose and other maltodextrins. It is noted that maltosyl groups are transferred more rapidly than any larger group, and that the rate of transfer of the maltosyl group to d-glucose is equal in malto-triose, -pentaose, and -hexaose. (A maltosyl group cannot be transferred from the tetraose.).

AB - Potato D-enzyme is a transglycosylase that disproportionates maltotriose and higher maltodextrins by the transfer of maltodextrinyl radicals between maltodextrins. with the rupture and re-formation of α-(1 → 4)-d-glucosidic bonds. Only maltodextrins or similarly structured polymers are group-donating substrates. d-Glucose and a variety of other sugars can act as acceptors. Earlier workers had noted that D-enzyme appears to operate on maltodextrins under constraint. Maltose is not a donor substrate. Only one bond in maltotriose, that at the reducing end, is acted on. In the higher dextrins, there are two "forbidden" linkages. The nonreducing-end bond, and that penultimate to the reducing end, cannot be split. The present paper tests and fully supports the hypothesis of forbidden linkages and their locations in the donating molecule. The tests have involved quantitative examination of the way in which (a) maltodextrins and d-glucose-14C interact in the presence of D-enzyme, and (b) maltotriose-14C is disproportionated into d-glucose and other maltodextrins. It is noted that maltosyl groups are transferred more rapidly than any larger group, and that the rate of transfer of the maltosyl group to d-glucose is equal in malto-triose, -pentaose, and -hexaose. (A maltosyl group cannot be transferred from the tetraose.).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001519529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001519529&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0001519529

VL - 9

SP - 483

EP - 490

JO - Carbohydrate Research

JF - Carbohydrate Research

SN - 0008-6215

IS - 4

ER -