The accuracies of Himawari-8 and MTSAT-2 sea-surface temperatures in the tropical western Pacific Ocean

Angela L. Ditri, Peter J. Minnett, Yang Liu, Katherine Kilpatrick, Ajoy Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over several decades, improving the accuracy of Sea-Surface Temperatures (SSTs) derived from satellites has been a subject of intense research, and continues to be so. Knowledge of the accuracy of the SSTs is critical for weather and climate predictions, and many research and operational applications. In 2015, the operational Japanese MTSAT-2 geostationary satellite was replaced by the Himawari-8, which has a visible and infrared imager with higher spatial and temporal resolutions than its predecessor. In this study, data from both satellites during a three-month overlap period were compared with subsurface in situ temperature measurements from the Tropical Atmosphere Ocean (TAO) array and self-recording thermometers at the depths of corals of the Great Barrier Reef. Results show that in general the Himawari-8 provides more accurate SST measurements compared to those from MTSAT-2. At various locations, where in situ measurements were taken, the mean Himawari-8 SST error shows an improvement of ~0.15 K. Sources of the differences between the satellite-derived SST and the in situ temperatures were related to wind speed and diurnal heating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number212
JournalRemote Sensing
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Keywords

  • Accuracy
  • Geostationary satellite
  • Infrared
  • Sea surface temperatures
  • The Great Barrier Reef
  • Tropical western Pacific Ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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