The 26S proteasome is required for estrogen receptor-α and coactivator turnover and for efficient estrogen receptor-α transactivation

David M. Lonard, Zafar Nawaz, Carolyn L. Smith, Bert W. O'Malley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

468 Scopus citations


Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) is downregulated in the presence of its cognate ligand, estradiol (E2), through the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. Here, we show that ubiquitin proteasome function is required for ERα to serve as a transcriptional activator. Deletion of the last 61 amino acids of ERα, including residues that form helix 12, abolishes ligand-mediated downregulation of the receptor as do point mutations in the ligand binding domain that impair coactivator binding. In addition, coactivators also are subject to degradation by the 26S proteasome, but their intrinsic transcriptional activity is not affected. These data provide evidence that protein interactions with ERα coactivator binding surfaces are important for ligand-mediated receptor down-regulation and suggest that receptor and coactivator turnover contributes to ERα transcriptional activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)939-948
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 28 2000
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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