The 14.1 Surrogate Light Chain Promoter Has Lineage- and Stage-Restricted Activity

Mary E. Donohoe, Bonnie B. Blomberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The 14.1 surrogate light chain protein is expressed on human pre-B lymphocytes in association with Vpre-B and the μ Ig heavy chain to form the pre-B receptor. The 14.1 chain has also been called the lambda (λ)-like (LL) protein and is homologous to murine λ5. The 14.1(IGLL1) gene is expressed in a lineage- and stage-restricted manner. To understand the molecular mechanism of the 14.1 gene tissue- and stage-specific expression, we analyzed the 5′-flanking region and characterized the promoter for this gene. In this report, we identify two DNase I-hypersensitive sites located at 2.6 kilobases (HSS 1) and 0.2 kilobases (HSS 1) upstream of 14.1 exon 1. These hypersensitive sites are present in pre-B lymphocyte cell lines, but absent in mature B and T cell lines. We have used RNase protection analysis to localize the 5′ major transcriptional start site and rapid amplification of 5′ cDNA ends to identify multiple starl sites within the TATA-less, GC-rich 14.1 promoter. The region encompassing HSS 2 was analyzed for promoter activity. Transfection of cell lines with a series of truncated segments of the 5′ flanking region linked to the luciferase reporter gene revealed that the 14.1 promoter is lineage- and stage-specific, and we localized this activity to positions +150 to +227 relative to the 5′ major transcriptional start site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1681-1691
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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