TGFβ promotes the basal phenotype of epidermal keratinocytes: Transcriptional induction of k#5 and k#14 keratin genes

C. K. Jiang, M. Tomic-Canic, D. J. Lucas, M. Simon, M. Blumenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

TGFβ is an important regulator of epidermal keratinocyte function because it suppresses cell proliferation, while it induces synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins and their cells surface receptors. To examine whether TGFβ affects synthesis of intracellular proteins as well, specifically the transcription of keratin genes, we transfected a series of DNA constructs that contain keratin gene promoters into human epidermal keratinocytes. The transfected cells were grown in the presence and absence of TGFβ We found that TGFβ specifically induces transcription controlled by the promoters of K#5 and K#14 keratin genes, markers of basal cells. No other keratin gene promoters were induced. The effect of TGFβ is concentration-dependent, can be demonstrated in HeLa cells, does not depend on keratinocyte growth conditions and can be elicited by both TGFβ1 and TGFβ2. We conclude that TGFβ promotes the basal cell phenotype in stratified epithelia such as the epidermis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalGrowth Factors
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell signaling
  • DNA
  • Promoter
  • Regulation
  • Skin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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