Teenage trauma patients are at increased risk for readmission for mental diseases and disorders

Joshua Parreco, Nawara Alawa, Rishi Rattan, Jun Tashiro, Juan E Sola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Most studies of readmission after trauma are limited to single institutions or single states. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors for readmission after trauma for mental illness including readmissions to different hospitals across the United States. Materials and methods: The Nationwide Readmission Database for 2013 and 2014 was queried for all patients aged 13 to 64 y with a nonelective admission for trauma and a nonelective readmission within 30 d. Multivariable logistic regression was performed for readmission for mental diseases and disorders. Results: During the study period, 53,402 patients were readmitted within 30 d after trauma. The most common major diagnostic category on readmission was mental diseases and disorders (12.1%). The age group with the highest percentage of readmissions for mental diseases and disorders was 13 to 17 y (38%). On multivariable regression, the teenage group was also the most likely to be readmitted for mental diseases and disorders compared to 18-44 y (odds ratio [OR] 0.45, P < 0.01) and 45-64 y (OR 0.24, P < 0.01). Other high-risk comorbidities included HIV infection (OR 2.4, P < 0.01), psychosis (OR 2.2, P < 0.01), drug (OR 2.0, P < 0.01), and alcohol (OR 1.4, P < 0.01) abuse. Conclusions: Teenage trauma patients are at increased risk for hospital readmission for mental illness. Efforts to reduce these admissions should be targeted toward individuals with high-risk comorbidities such as HIV infection, psychosis, and substance abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-421
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume232
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Mental disease
  • Mental disorder
  • Readmission
  • Teenage
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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