Technology Adoption by Older Adults: Findings From the PRISM Trial

Tracy L. Mitzner, Jyoti Savla, Walter R. Boot, Joseph Sharit, Neil Charness, Sara J. Czaja, Wendy A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none at all; none assessed use of a technology specifically designed for older adults; and most only measured intention to use a technology or short-term use, rather than longer-term use (i.e., adoption). We assessed adoption of a computer system specifically designed for older users, for a diverse sample, over an extended period of time. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed archival data from 150 ethnically diverse older adults (65-98 years of age) who participated in the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) randomized controlled trial (Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J, Fisk AD,…Nair SN. The personalized reminder information and social management system (PRISM) trial: Rationale, methods and baseline characteristics. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015;40:35-46; Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J. Improving social support for older adults through technology: Findings from the PRISM randomized controlled trial. Gerontologist. 2017;58:467-477). We examined the extent to which attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g., age, gender, and personality), and cognitive abilities predicted mid-term and long-term adoption of a computer system designed for older adults. Results: There were individual differences in PRISM use over time. Regression analyses indicated that individual differences in earlier use of the system, executive functioning, and computer efficacy predicted long-term use. Discussion and Implications: These data provide insights for broader-based models of technology acceptance to guide design, instruction, and deployment of products for older adults. Specifically, the provision of opportunities to foster efficacy and gain positive experience with computer technologies may play a critical role in the likelihood that older adults adopt such technologies. Trial Registration: NCT01497613.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-44
Number of pages11
JournalThe Gerontologist
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2019

Fingerprint

Information Management
Technology
Computer Systems
Individuality
Randomized Controlled Trials
Management Information Systems
Aptitude
Social Support
Personality
Young Adult
Research Design
Theoretical Models
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Mitzner, T. L., Savla, J., Boot, W. R., Sharit, J., Charness, N., Czaja, S. J., & Rogers, W. A. (2019). Technology Adoption by Older Adults: Findings From the PRISM Trial. The Gerontologist, 59(1), 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny113

Technology Adoption by Older Adults : Findings From the PRISM Trial. / Mitzner, Tracy L.; Savla, Jyoti; Boot, Walter R.; Sharit, Joseph; Charness, Neil; Czaja, Sara J.; Rogers, Wendy A.

In: The Gerontologist, Vol. 59, No. 1, 09.01.2019, p. 34-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mitzner, TL, Savla, J, Boot, WR, Sharit, J, Charness, N, Czaja, SJ & Rogers, WA 2019, 'Technology Adoption by Older Adults: Findings From the PRISM Trial', The Gerontologist, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gny113
Mitzner, Tracy L. ; Savla, Jyoti ; Boot, Walter R. ; Sharit, Joseph ; Charness, Neil ; Czaja, Sara J. ; Rogers, Wendy A. / Technology Adoption by Older Adults : Findings From the PRISM Trial. In: The Gerontologist. 2019 ; Vol. 59, No. 1. pp. 34-44.
@article{449abceef8e54ae8a6139277ec203c97,
title = "Technology Adoption by Older Adults: Findings From the PRISM Trial",
abstract = "Background and Objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none at all; none assessed use of a technology specifically designed for older adults; and most only measured intention to use a technology or short-term use, rather than longer-term use (i.e., adoption). We assessed adoption of a computer system specifically designed for older users, for a diverse sample, over an extended period of time. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed archival data from 150 ethnically diverse older adults (65-98 years of age) who participated in the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) randomized controlled trial (Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J, Fisk AD,…Nair SN. The personalized reminder information and social management system (PRISM) trial: Rationale, methods and baseline characteristics. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015;40:35-46; Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J. Improving social support for older adults through technology: Findings from the PRISM randomized controlled trial. Gerontologist. 2017;58:467-477). We examined the extent to which attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g., age, gender, and personality), and cognitive abilities predicted mid-term and long-term adoption of a computer system designed for older adults. Results: There were individual differences in PRISM use over time. Regression analyses indicated that individual differences in earlier use of the system, executive functioning, and computer efficacy predicted long-term use. Discussion and Implications: These data provide insights for broader-based models of technology acceptance to guide design, instruction, and deployment of products for older adults. Specifically, the provision of opportunities to foster efficacy and gain positive experience with computer technologies may play a critical role in the likelihood that older adults adopt such technologies. Trial Registration: NCT01497613.",
author = "Mitzner, {Tracy L.} and Jyoti Savla and Boot, {Walter R.} and Joseph Sharit and Neil Charness and Czaja, {Sara J.} and Rogers, {Wendy A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1093/geront/gny113",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "34--44",
journal = "Gerontologist",
issn = "0016-9013",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Technology Adoption by Older Adults

T2 - Findings From the PRISM Trial

AU - Mitzner, Tracy L.

AU - Savla, Jyoti

AU - Boot, Walter R.

AU - Sharit, Joseph

AU - Charness, Neil

AU - Czaja, Sara J.

AU - Rogers, Wendy A.

PY - 2019/1/9

Y1 - 2019/1/9

N2 - Background and Objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none at all; none assessed use of a technology specifically designed for older adults; and most only measured intention to use a technology or short-term use, rather than longer-term use (i.e., adoption). We assessed adoption of a computer system specifically designed for older users, for a diverse sample, over an extended period of time. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed archival data from 150 ethnically diverse older adults (65-98 years of age) who participated in the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) randomized controlled trial (Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J, Fisk AD,…Nair SN. The personalized reminder information and social management system (PRISM) trial: Rationale, methods and baseline characteristics. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015;40:35-46; Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J. Improving social support for older adults through technology: Findings from the PRISM randomized controlled trial. Gerontologist. 2017;58:467-477). We examined the extent to which attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g., age, gender, and personality), and cognitive abilities predicted mid-term and long-term adoption of a computer system designed for older adults. Results: There were individual differences in PRISM use over time. Regression analyses indicated that individual differences in earlier use of the system, executive functioning, and computer efficacy predicted long-term use. Discussion and Implications: These data provide insights for broader-based models of technology acceptance to guide design, instruction, and deployment of products for older adults. Specifically, the provision of opportunities to foster efficacy and gain positive experience with computer technologies may play a critical role in the likelihood that older adults adopt such technologies. Trial Registration: NCT01497613.

AB - Background and Objectives: There is growing evidence of the benefits of computers for older adults. Yet, adoption rates are lower compared with younger adults. Extant theoretical models of technology acceptance are limited in their application to older adults-studies on which these models are based included a limited sample of older adults or none at all; none assessed use of a technology specifically designed for older adults; and most only measured intention to use a technology or short-term use, rather than longer-term use (i.e., adoption). We assessed adoption of a computer system specifically designed for older users, for a diverse sample, over an extended period of time. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed archival data from 150 ethnically diverse older adults (65-98 years of age) who participated in the Personal Reminder Information and Social Management (PRISM) randomized controlled trial (Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J, Fisk AD,…Nair SN. The personalized reminder information and social management system (PRISM) trial: Rationale, methods and baseline characteristics. Contemp Clin Trials. 2015;40:35-46; Czaja SJ, Boot WR, Charness N, Rogers WA, Sharit J. Improving social support for older adults through technology: Findings from the PRISM randomized controlled trial. Gerontologist. 2017;58:467-477). We examined the extent to which attitudes, personal characteristics (e.g., age, gender, and personality), and cognitive abilities predicted mid-term and long-term adoption of a computer system designed for older adults. Results: There were individual differences in PRISM use over time. Regression analyses indicated that individual differences in earlier use of the system, executive functioning, and computer efficacy predicted long-term use. Discussion and Implications: These data provide insights for broader-based models of technology acceptance to guide design, instruction, and deployment of products for older adults. Specifically, the provision of opportunities to foster efficacy and gain positive experience with computer technologies may play a critical role in the likelihood that older adults adopt such technologies. Trial Registration: NCT01497613.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059796747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059796747&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/geront/gny113

DO - 10.1093/geront/gny113

M3 - Article

C2 - 30265294

AN - SCOPUS:85059796747

VL - 59

SP - 34

EP - 44

JO - Gerontologist

JF - Gerontologist

SN - 0016-9013

IS - 1

ER -