Targeting the 5′-AMP-activated protein kinase and related metabolic pathways for the treatment of prostate cancer

Petra Popovics, Daniel E. Frigo, Andrew V Schally, Ferenc G. Rick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Increasing evidence suggests that prostate cancer cells undergo unique metabolic reprogramming during transformation. A master regulator of cellular homeostasis, 5′-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), directs metabolic adaptation that supports the growth demands of rapidly dividing cancer cells. The utilization of AMPK as a therapeutic target may therefore provide an effective strategy in the treatment of prostate cancer.Areas covered: Our review describes the regulation of AMPK by androgens and upstream kinases including the calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) in prostate cancer. Oncogenic, AMPK-regulated pathways that direct various metabolic processes are also addressed. Furthermore, we discuss the role of AMPK in growth arrest and autophagy as a potential survival pathway for cancer cells. In addition, by regulating non-metabolic pathways, AMPK may stimulate migration and mitosis. Finally, this review summarizes efforts to treat prostate cancer with pharmacological agents capable of modulating AMPK signaling.Expert opinion: Current research is primarily focused on developing drugs that activate AMPK as a treatment for prostate cancer. However, oncogenic aspects of AMPK signaling calls for caution about employing such therapies. We think that inhibitors of CaMKK2 or AMPK, or perhaps the modulation of downstream targets of AMPK, will gain importance in the clinical management of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-632
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • 5′-AMP-activated protein kinase
  • Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2
  • Cancer metabolism
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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