Targeting Notch Signaling for Cancer Therapeutic Intervention

Hongwei Shao, Qinghua Huang, Zhao-Jun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Notch signaling pathway is an evolutionarily conserved, intercellular signaling cascade. The Notch proteins are single-pass receptors that are activated upon interaction with the Delta (or Delta-like) and Jagged/Serrate families of membrane-bound ligands. Association of ligand-receptor leads to proteolytic cleavages that liberate the Notch intracellular domain (NICD) from the plasma membrane. The NICD translocates to the nucleus, where it forms a complex with the DNA-binding protein CSL, displacing a histone deacetylase (HDAc)-corepressor (CoR) complex from CSL. Components of a transcriptional complex, such as MAML1 and histone acetyltransferases (HATs), are recruited to the NICD-CSL complex, leading to the transcriptional activation of Notch target genes. The Notch signaling pathway plays a critical role in cell fate decision, tissue patterning, morphogenesis, and is hence regarded as a developmental pathway. However, if this pathway goes awry, it contributes to cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. There is mounting evidence that this pathway is dysregulated in a variety of malignancies, and can behave as either an oncogene or a tumor suppressor depending upon cell context. This chapter highlights the current evidence for aberration of the Notch signaling pathway in a wide range of tumors from hematological cancers, such as leukemia and lymphoma, through to lung, skin, breast, pancreas, colon, prostate, ovarian, brain, and liver tumors. It proposes that the Notch signaling pathway may represent novel target for cancer therapeutic intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-234
Number of pages44
JournalAdvances in Pharmacology
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2012

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cancer therapeutics
  • Notch
  • Signal transduction
  • Tumor
  • Tumor angiogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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