Targeted topical steroid therapy in sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Richard D. Kopke, Michael E. Hoffer, Derin Wester, Michael J. O'Leary, Ronald L. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To treat patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNL) who failed oral prednisone therapy by using a round window membrane (RWM) microcatheter. This topical delivery strategy sought to improve effectiveness of steroid treatment to the inner ear by targeting drug delivery to the RWM. Study Design: Nonrandomized prospective design. Setting: Tertiary care facility. Patients: Six patients with severe unilateral SSHL, five of whom were refractory to a course of oral steroid therapy treated within 6 weeks of SSHL and three additional patients treated more than 6 weeks after SSHL. Intervention: Therapeutic use of RWM catheter. Main Outcome Measures: Pure-tone averages (PTAs) and word identification scores (WIS). Results: Five of the six patients treated within 6 weeks of SSHL improved their WIS. Of the six, four returned to baseline hearing, one recovered hearing that could benefit by hearing amplification, and one regained moderate improvement in PTA but not WIS. Conclusion: Targeted topical steroid administration avoids the significant systemic side effects of oral steroids and may offer more effective dosing than simple transtympanic injection of medicine. Although these findings are preliminary, it is possible that after further study, targeted drug delivery may be a useful technique to consider in patients with severe to profound hearing loss that have failed all other management options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss
  • Topical steroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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