The cytotoxic analog of bombesin (BN)/gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) AN-215 consisting of 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (AN-201), a superactive derivative of doxorubicin linked to a bombesin analog carrier, displays a high affinity to BN/GRP receptors and can be targeted to tumors that express these receptors. We evaluated the antitumor effect and the toxicity of AN-215 in 5 human breast cancer cell lines xenografted into nude mice. In addition, we measured the mRNA expression of multi drug resistance protein 1 (MDR-1), multi drug resistance related protein 1 (MRP-1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) by real-time PCR analysis after treatment with AN-215. All five cell lines expressed BN/GRP receptors, and AN-215 significantly (P<0.05) inhibited tumor growth in all models, while its cytotoxic radical AN-201 had no significant effect in four models. In MX-1 tumors, AN-201 had a significantly weaker antitumor effect than AN-215. The effect of AN-215 was nullified by a blockade of BN/GRP receptors with a bombesin antagonist. Low or no induction of MDR-1, MRP-1 and BCRP occurred after treatment with AN-215. In conclusion, targeted chemotherapy with the cytotoxic BN/GRP analog AN-215 strongly inhibits breast cancers that express BN/GRP receptors and might provide a new treatment modality for mammary carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cancer Research