T-cell lymphomas (TCL) are a group of biologically and clinically heterogenous neoplasms derived from mature T lymphocytes. Recent findings in biology have advanced the classification of these neoplasms; however, clinical investigations based on biologic features have yet to be designed. Two biomarker-driven treatments for TCL are promising: brentuximab vedotin (BV) in combination with chemotherapy or as monotherapy is the standard treatment for newly diagnosed CD30-positive TCL and relapsed/refractory anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), while ALK inhibitors have induced responses in ALK+ ALCLs. Common genetic alterations in TCL, such as aberrations in PI3K/mTOR, JAK/STAT, and epigenetic regulators are also targetable by pathway inhibitors and HDAC/DNMT inhibitors; however, responses to these treatments as monotherapy are neither satisfactory nor durable, even in patients pre-stratified by several biomarkers. Additional work is needed to extend biology/biomarker-driven treatment in these neoplasms. As T-cell lymphomagenesis is multistep and multifactorial, trials are ongoing to evaluate combination treatments. The focus of this article is to summarize the status and the current role of targeted-based therapy in nodal TCL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research