Immunosuppression, although necessary to enable the graft to escape the consequences of immune surveillance, carries some risks for the patient. There is an associated increase in neoplasms, opportunistic infections and end-organ toxicity. In addition, even with excellent patient compliance, rejection (acute and chronic) remains a major limitation that contributes to the loss or decrease in the function of the allograft. New drugs have been added to the armamentarium of immunosuppressive agents to suppress allograft rejection and to rescue grafts from cyclosporin-resistant rejection. With the availability of these immunosuppressive agents, it has become increasingly difficult to choose the appropriate combination of immunosuppressants with a beneficial effect for the patient and for the allograft. We describe 2 new immunosuppressive agents and some of their different uses in solid organ transplantation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)