Although the T cell dependence of autoimmune responses in connective tissue diseases has been well established, limited information exists regarding the T cell targeting of self Ags in humans. To characterize the T cell response to a connective tissue disease-associated autoantigen, this study generated T cell clones from patients using a set of peptides encompassing the entire linear sequence of the 70-kDa subunit of U1 snRNP (U1-70kDa) small nuclear ribonucleoprotein. Despite the ability of U1-70kDa to undergo multiple forms of Ag modification that have been correlated with distinct clinical disease phenotypes, a remarkably limited and consistent pattern of T cell targeting of U1-70kDa was observed. All tested T cell clones generated against U1-70kDa were specific for epitopes within the RNA binding domain (RBD) of the protein. High avidity binding of the RBD with U1-RNA was preserved with the disease-associated modified forms of U1-70kDa tested. The high avidity interaction between the U1-RBD on the polypeptide and U1-RNA may be critical in immune targeting of this region in autoimmunity. The T cell autoimmune response to U1-70kDa appears to have less diversity than is seen in the humoral response; and therefore, may be a favorable target for therapeutic intervention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy