Systems Analysis of Immunity to Influenza Vaccination across Multiple Years and in Diverse Populations Reveals Shared Molecular Signatures

Helder I. Nakaya, Thomas Hagan, Sai S. Duraisingham, Eva K. Lee, Marcin Kwissa, Nadine Rouphael, Daniela Frasca, Merril Gersten, Aneesh K. Mehta, Renaud Gaujoux, Gui Mei Li, Shakti Gupta, Rafi Ahmed, Mark J. Mulligan, Shai Shen-Orr, Bonnie B. Blomberg, Shankar Subramaniam, Bali Pulendran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systems approaches have been used to describe molecular signatures driving immunity to influenza vaccination in humans. Whether such signatures are similar across multiple seasons and in diverse populations is unknown. We applied systems approaches to study immune responses in young, elderly, and diabetic subjects vaccinated with the seasonal influenza vaccine across five consecutive seasons. Signatures of innate immunity and plasmablasts correlated with and predicted influenza antibody titers at 1 month after vaccination with >80% accuracy across multiple seasons but were not associated with the longevity of the response. Baseline signatures of lymphocyte and monocyte inflammation were positively and negatively correlated, respectively, with antibody responses at 1 month. Finally, integrative analysis of microRNAs and transcriptomic profiling revealed potential regulators of vaccine immunity. These results identify shared vaccine-induced signatures across multiple seasons and in diverse populations and might help guide the development of next-generation vaccines that provide persistent immunity against influenza.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1186-1198
Number of pages13
JournalImmunity
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Nakaya, H. I., Hagan, T., Duraisingham, S. S., Lee, E. K., Kwissa, M., Rouphael, N., Frasca, D., Gersten, M., Mehta, A. K., Gaujoux, R., Li, G. M., Gupta, S., Ahmed, R., Mulligan, M. J., Shen-Orr, S., Blomberg, B. B., Subramaniam, S., & Pulendran, B. (2015). Systems Analysis of Immunity to Influenza Vaccination across Multiple Years and in Diverse Populations Reveals Shared Molecular Signatures. Immunity, 43(6), 1186-1198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2015.11.012