Synthesis of titanium dioxide aerosol gels in a buoyancy-opposed flame reactor

Pai Liu, Ian J. Arnold, Yang Wang, Yang Yu, Jiaxi Fang, Pratim Biswas, Rajan K. Chakrabarty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Aerosol gels are a novel class of materials with potential to serve in various energy and environmental applications. In this work, we demonstrate the synthesis of titanium dioxide (TiO2) aerosol gels using a methane-oxygen coflow diffusion flame reactor operated in down-fired configuration (fuel flow in the direction opposite to buoyancy forces). Titanium tetraisopropoxide was fed as a precursor to the flame under different operating conditions. Control of the monomer size and crystalline phase of TiO2 gel particles was achieved by adjusting the flame operating conditions, specifically the flame temperature, which was shown to significantly influence the phase transformation and rate of particle growth and sintering. The resulting materials were characterized for their physical and optical properties. Results showed that the TiO2aerosol gels had effective densities in the range 0.021-0.025 g/cm3, which is 2 orders of magnitude less than the theoretical mass density of TiO2. The monomer size distribution, crystalline phase, and UV-Vis absorbance spectra of the gels showed distinct characteristics as a function of flame temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1232-1241
Number of pages10
JournalAerosol Science and Technology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution


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