In view of the recent findings of stimulatory effects of GHRH analogs, JI-34, JI-36 and JI-38, on cardiomyocytes, pancreatic islets and wound healing, three series of new analogs of GHRH(1-29) have been synthesized and evaluated biologically in an endeavor to produce more potent compounds. "Agmatine analogs", MR-356 (N-Me-Tyr1-JI-38), MR-361(N-Me-Tyr1, D-Ala2-JI-38) and MR-367(N-Me-Tyr1, D-Ala2, Asn8-JI-38), in which Dat in JI-38 is replaced by N-Me-Tyr 1, showed improved relative potencies on GH release upon subcutaneous administration in vivo and binding in vitro. Modification with N-Me-Tyr 1 and Arg29-NHCH3 as in MR-403 (N-Me-Tyr 1, D-Ala2, Arg29-NHCH3-JI-38), MR-406 (N-Me-Tyr1, Arg29-NHCH3-JI-38) and MR-409 (N-Me-Tyr1, D-Ala2, Asn8, Arg 29-NHCH3-JI-38), and MR-410 (N-Me-Tyr1, D-Ala2, Thr8, Arg29-NHCH3-JI-38) resulted in dramatically increased endocrine activities. These appear to be the most potent GHRH agonistic analogs so far developed. Analogs with Apa 30-NH2 such as MR-326 (N-Me-Tyr1, D-Ala 2, Arg29, Apa30-NH2-JI-38), and with Gab30-NH2, as MR-502 (D-Ala2, 5F-Phe 6, Ser28, Arg29,Gab30-NH 2-JI-38) also exhibited much higher potency than JI-38 upon i.v. administration. The relationship between the GH-releasing potency and the analog structure is discussed. Fourteen GHRH agonists with the highest endocrine potencies were subjected to cardiologic tests. MR-409 and MR-356 exhibited higher potency than JI-38 in activating myocardial repair in rats with induced myocardial infarction. As the previous class of analogs, exemplified by JI-38, had shown promising results in multiple fields including cardiology, diabetes and wound healing, our new, more potent, GHRH agonists should manifest additional efficacy for possible medical applications.
- hGHRH agonist
- s.c. administration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience