Synthesis, nicotinic acetylcholine receptor binding, in vitro and in vivo pharmacology properties of 3′-(substituted pyridinyl)-deschloroepibatidine analogs

Pauline W. Ondachi, Zhuo Ye, Ana H. Castro, Charles W Luetje, M. Imad Damaj, S. Wayne Mascarella, Hernán A. Navarro, F. Ivy Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the last several years we have synthesized and studied the in vitro and in vivo nAChR pharmacological properties of epibatidine (4) analogs. In this study we report the synthesis, nAChR in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of 3′-(substituted pyridinyl)-deschloroepibatidine analogs (5a-e and 6a-e). All of the analogs had high binding affinity for α4β2-nAChRs. Several of the analogs were potent antagonists of α4β2-nAChRs in in vitro efficacy tests and were potent antagonists of nicotine-induced antinociception in the mouse tail-flick test. Compound 6b had a Ki = 0.13 nM in the binding assay, 25- and 46-fold selectivity for the α4β2-nAChR relative to the α3β4- and α7-nAChR, respectively, in the in vitro efficacy test and an AD50 = 0.13 μg/kg in the tail-flick test. Combined with favorable calculated physiochemical properties compared to varenicline, our findings suggest that 6b should be considered for development as a potential pharmacotherapy for treating nicotine addiction and other CNS disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5693-5701
Number of pages9
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume23
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 2015

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Keywords

  • Epibatidine analogs
  • In vitro/in vivo study
  • nAChR antagonist
  • Nicotine receptor
  • Varenicline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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