Synthesis and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of 2′-fluoro-3′-(substituted phenyl)deschloroepibatidine analogues of 2′-fluoro-3′-(4- nitrophenyl)deschloroepibatidine

Pauline Ondachi, Ana Castro, Charles W. Luetje, M. Imad Damaj, S. Wayne Mascarella, Hernán A. Navarro, F. Ivy Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Herein, we report the synthesis and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of 2′-fluoro- 3′-(substituted phenyl)deschloroepibatidines 5b-g, analogues of 3′-(4-nitrophenyl) compound 5a. All compounds had high affinity for α4β2-nAChR and low affinity for α7-nAChR. Initial electrophysiological studies showed that all analogues were antagonists at α4β2-, α3β4-, and α7-nAChRs. The 4-carbamoylphenyl analogue 5g was highly selective for α4β2-nAChR over α3β4- and α7-nAChRs. All the analogues were antagonists of nicotine-induced antinociception in the tail-flick test. Molecular modeling docking studies using the agonist-bound form of the X-ray crystal structure of the acetylcholine binding protein suggested several different binding modes for epibatidine, varenicline, and 5a-g. In particular, a unique binding mode for 5g was suggested by these docking simulations. The high binding affinity, in vitro efficacy, and selectivity of 5g for α4β2-nAChR combined with its nAChR functional antagonist properties suggest that 5g will be a valuable pharmacological tool for studying the nAChR and may have potential as a pharmacotherapy for addiction and other central nervous system disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6512-6522
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume55
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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