Hederagenin is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoids compound with multiple pharmacological activities. We recently showed that H6, a synthetic derivative of hederagenin, could enhance the anticancer activity of paclitaxel in drug-resistant cells in vitro and in vivo, but showed poor solubility. With the aim of improving the drug resistant reversal activity of H6, here we designed and synthesized a series of novel H6 analogues. Our results showed that compound 10 at the concentration of 5 μM significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of paclitaxel to drug-resistant KBV cells and sensitized cells to paclitaxel in arresting cells in G2/M phase and inducing apoptosis. We found that compound 10 might block the drug efflux of P-gp via stimulating P-gp ATPase activity. Importantly, compound 10 enhanced the efficacy of paclitaxel against KBV cancer cell-derived xenograft tumors. Finally, we summarized a preliminary structure-activity relationship of hederagenin by the drug resistant reversal activity of H6 analogues in vitro and compound 10 and H6 in vivo. This study highlights the importance of nitrogen-containing derivatives of hederagenin C-28 in the development of novel drug resistance reversal agents.
- Drug resistance reverse activity
- H6 analogues
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry