Acetylcholine (ACh) synthesis can be impaired by reduction of the availability of either of its precursors, choline (Ch) or acetylcoenzyme A (AcCoA). The high affinity transport of Ch is inhibited by hemicholinium-3 and this results in reduced synthesis of ACh (1-3). Under some circumstances ACh metabolism in the brain appears to be affected by parenteral (4) or dietary (5, 14) administration of Ch. The production of AcCoA can apparently be reduced by inhibition of the utilization of pyruvate or glucose, which also decreases the synthesis of ACh (6, 7). Recent experiments by Barker and Mittag (8, 9) led them to propose that the high affinity transport of Ch and the subsequent transfer of an acetyl group from AcCoA, catalyzed by Ch acetyltransferase (CAT), were directly coupled. We have tested this hypothesis by reducing the availability of AcCoA and measuring both the rate of transport of Ch by the high affinity system and the rate at which it is converted to ACh.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)