The present study examined the frequency and correlates of self-reported symptoms of posttraumatic stress among patients with HIV and medication adherence problems. Self-report data revealed that more than half of participants met diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale PDS. Death anxiety was associated with overall PTSD symptom severity scores as well as severity scores for reexperiencing, avoidance, and arousal symptoms. The association between death anxiety and total PTSD severity, reexperiencing and avoidance symptom scores remained after controlling for depression and satisfaction with social support. Anxiety, as manifested by PTSD symptoms should be routinely assessed among patients with HIV, and variables such as death anxiety, social support, and depression are appropriate targets for mental health interventions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases