Symbiotic associations of crustaceans and a pycnogonid with gelatinous zooplankton in the Gulf of California

Rebeca Gasca, William Browne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Symbiotic associations between pelagic arthropods and gelatinous zooplankters were surveyed and analyzed via blue-water SCUBA and a remotely operated submersible (ROV) during March 2015 in the Gulf of California. Our analyses focused on hyperiid amphipods (10 species), copepods (1), and pycnogonids (1) associated with different groups of gelata. Here. we report observations on 13 previously undocumented and 4 known symbiotic associations. The nature and dynamics of these associations are still poorly understood, particularly those involving deep-living taxa. The discovery of the pycnogonid Bathypallenopsis calcanea (Stephensen, 1933) in association with the medusa Aeginura grimaldii Maas, 1904 was predicted by Hedgpeth (Deep-Sea Res 9:487–491, 1962). We include in vivo or in situ photographs of some of these associations. The Megalanceoloides, previously reported as M. remipes (Barnard), are here recognized as belonging to a new species. These new data represent a significant addition to our knowledge of these symbiotic associations in the mid- and deep waters of the Gulf of California.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Biodiversity
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 11 2017

Fingerprint

Gulf of California
crustacean
zooplankton
Crustacea
remotely operated vehicle
submersible
amphipod
arthropod
Amphipoda
photographs
photograph
deep sea
arthropods
Copepoda
deep water
new species
water
gulf
in situ

Keywords

  • Deep-living zooplankton
  • Gelata
  • Hyperiid amphipods
  • New species
  • Symbioses
  • Symbiotic crustaceans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Symbiotic associations between pelagic arthropods and gelatinous zooplankters were surveyed and analyzed via blue-water SCUBA and a remotely operated submersible (ROV) during March 2015 in the Gulf of California. Our analyses focused on hyperiid amphipods (10 species), copepods (1), and pycnogonids (1) associated with different groups of gelata. Here. we report observations on 13 previously undocumented and 4 known symbiotic associations. The nature and dynamics of these associations are still poorly understood, particularly those involving deep-living taxa. The discovery of the pycnogonid Bathypallenopsis calcanea (Stephensen, 1933) in association with the medusa Aeginura grimaldii Maas, 1904 was predicted by Hedgpeth (Deep-Sea Res 9:487–491, 1962). We include in vivo or in situ photographs of some of these associations. The Megalanceoloides, previously reported as M. remipes (Barnard), are here recognized as belonging to a new species. These new data represent a significant addition to our knowledge of these symbiotic associations in the mid- and deep waters of the Gulf of California.",
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