Transient-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) are responses generated within the inner ear in response to acoustic stimuli and are indicative of normal cochlear function. They are commonly acquired by averaging post-stimulus acoustic responses recorded near the eardrum in response to brief stimuli such as clicks or tone pips. In this study a new long duration stimulus consisting of a frequency swept tone is introduced for the acquisition of TEOAEs. Like stimulus frequency generated OAEs, swept-tone responses contain embedded OAEs. With swept-tone analysis, OAEs can be recovered by convolving it with a time reversed swept-tone signal resulting in time-compression. In addition, higher order nonlinear OAE responses were removed from the linear TEOAE. The results show comparable phase and time-frequency properties between the click and swept-tone evoked OAEs. Swept-tone acquisition of TEOAEs has beneficial noise properties, improving the signal to noise ratio by 6 dB compared to click evoked responses thus offering testing time savings. Additionally, swept-tone analysis removed synchronized spontaneous OAE activity from the recordings of subjects exhibiting such responses in conventional click TEOAEs. Since swept-tone stimulus consists of a single frequency component at any instantaneous moment, its analysis also provides for direct comparison with stimulus-frequency OAEs and click evoked OAEs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics