Purpose: To investigate the characteristics of treatment-naïve nonexudative macular neovascularization (MNV) in age-related macular degeneration before the onset of exudation using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods: MNV area, choriocapillaris (CC) flow deficits (FDs), vessel area density (VAD), vessel skeleton density (VSD), retinal pigment epithelial detachment (PED) volume, mean choroidal thickness (MCT), and choroid vascularity index (CVI) measurements were assessed at two visits prior to exudation. We compared measurements made at the second visit and the rate of change between visits in eyes with and without exudation. The differences in these parameters between eyes with and without subsequent exudation were summarized with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Twenty-one eyes with nonexudative MNV were identified and followed. Nine eyes developed exudation, and 12 eyes did not develop exudation. Differences between these groups of eyes for all parameters tended to be small, and the 95% CIs largely ruled out any substantial differences. Overall, eyes with exudation had 24% smaller VAD, 20% smaller VSD, and 33% smaller PED volume measurements. No noteworthy differences were observed for MNV area, CC FDs, MCT, or CVI measurements. Conclusions: The onset of exudation was correlated with lesions having less vascularity and smaller PED volume measurements, but measurements of MNV area, CC FDs, MCT, and CVI were not correlated with near-term exudation. Investigations are ongoing to further explore these and other anatomic changes as harbingers of near-term exudation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience