Sustained low influenza vaccination rates in US healthcare workers

Alberto J Caban-Martinez, David J Lee, Evelyn P. Davila, William G. LeBlanc, Kristopher Arheart, Kathryn McCollister, Sharon L. Christ, Tainya Clarke, Lora E. Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: A substantial morbidity and mortality burden attributable to the influenza virus is observed annually in the United States. Healthcare workers are an occupational group at increased risk of exposure, demonstrated to transmit influenza to their patient populations, and vital to the care of these patient populations. The prevention of the spread of the flu is a significant public health concern. In the present study, we examined influenza vaccination rates and their 5-year trends within the major occupational healthcare worker groups and compared them to non-Healthcare Workers. Methods: Using data from the nationally representative 2004-2008 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), US healthcare workers (n = 6349) were analyzed. Results: Seasonal influenza vaccination coverage estimates remain low among all healthcare workers, highest among the health diagnosing and treating practitioners (52.3%), and lowest among other healthcare support occupations (32.0%). Among all other occupational groups, pooled influenza vaccination rates were highest for white collar workers (24.7%), and lowest for farm workers (11.7%). There were no significant upward or downward trends in influenza vaccination rates for any healthcare or other occupational worker group during the 5-year survey period. Conclusion: Improving these low vaccination rates among healthcare workers warrants a comprehensive national approach to influenza prevention that includes education and strong encouragement of routine annual vaccination among healthcare workers. Policy enhancements such as free provision of seasonal influenza vaccine, coverage for treatment and workers compensation for vaccine-related complications are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-212
Number of pages3
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume50
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2010

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Human Influenza
Vaccination
Delivery of Health Care
Occupational Groups
Workers' Compensation
Influenza Vaccines
Health Surveys
Orthomyxoviridae
Occupations
Population
Patient Care
Vaccines
Public Health
Interviews
Morbidity
Education
Mortality
Health

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Flu
  • Healthcare Workers
  • Occupation
  • Vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Sustained low influenza vaccination rates in US healthcare workers. / Caban-Martinez, Alberto J; Lee, David J; Davila, Evelyn P.; LeBlanc, William G.; Arheart, Kristopher; McCollister, Kathryn; Christ, Sharon L.; Clarke, Tainya; Fleming, Lora E.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 50, No. 4, 01.04.2010, p. 210-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caban-Martinez, AJ, Lee, DJ, Davila, EP, LeBlanc, WG, Arheart, K, McCollister, K, Christ, SL, Clarke, T & Fleming, LE 2010, 'Sustained low influenza vaccination rates in US healthcare workers', Preventive Medicine, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 210-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.01.001
Caban-Martinez, Alberto J ; Lee, David J ; Davila, Evelyn P. ; LeBlanc, William G. ; Arheart, Kristopher ; McCollister, Kathryn ; Christ, Sharon L. ; Clarke, Tainya ; Fleming, Lora E. / Sustained low influenza vaccination rates in US healthcare workers. In: Preventive Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 50, No. 4. pp. 210-212.
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