Sustainable Photovoltaics

David Ginley, Joel Ager, Rakesh Agrawal, Muhammad A. Alam, Brij Mohan Arora, S. Avasthi, Durga Basak, Parag Bhargava, Pratim Biswas, Birinchi Bora, Wade A. Braunecker, Tonio Buonassisi, Sanjay Dhage, Neelkanth Dhere, Sean Garner, Xianyi Hu, Ashok Jhunjhunwala, Dinesh Kabra, Balasubramaniam Kavaipatti, Lawrence KazmerskiAnil Kottantharayil, Rajesh Kumar, Cynthia Lo, Monto Mani, Pradeep R. Nair, Lakshmi Narsamma, Dana C. Olson, Amlan J. Pal, Srinivasan Raghavan, Praveen Ramamurthy, Bulusu Sarada, Shaibal Sarkar, O. S. Sastry, Harshid Sridhar, Govisami Tamizmani, Jeffrey Urban, Maikel van Hest, Juzer Vasi, Yanping Wang, Yue Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter covers the largest set of projects in SERIIUS that can be viewed overall as having three distinct themes. First is the development of new low-capital thin-film photovoltaic (PV) technologies by high-throughput manufacturing processes with a focus on solution-based roll-to-roll processing. This effort was highly integrated with the development of thin glass substrates and packaging from Corning, and focused on absorbers made from CuInGaSe2, CuZnSnSeS, organic molecules such as fluorinated polymers, perovskite solar cells based on methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI), and silicon. Significant progress, including world-record devices, was achieved in a number of areas, and substantial improvements in lifetime were attained. Second is an assessment of the stability and failure mechanisms of PV in hot/dry and hot/wet climates. This work included assessing PV module stability across the seven climate zones of India and in the United States. The importance of dust and particulates was assessed. New failure mechanisms were identified, in particular to the hot/dry and hot/wet climates, and an international working group was convened. Coupled to developing new PV technology and understanding degradation pathways, an effort was made in multiscale modeling – from atoms to modules – to begin to connect the basic science to the ultimate deployability of the PV devices and modules. Here, the potential importance of bifacial modules was assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Energy
Number of pages61
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Energy
ISSN (Print)2195-1284
ISSN (Electronic)2195-1292


  • Bifacial modules
  • Climatic dependence
  • Climatic zones
  • Corning® Willow® Glass
  • Degradation rate
  • Degradation rates
  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Earth-abundant thin-film solar cells
  • Electrodeposition
  • Encapsulants
  • Fluorinated materials
  • Fullerene
  • Hot and humid climates
  • Inkjet printing
  • Levelized cost of electricity
  • Low-toxicity processing
  • Mini-modules
  • Molecular precursors
  • Multiscale modeling
  • Nanocrystalline ink
  • Organic phase-change materials
  • Organic photovoltaics
  • Oxidative stability
  • Perovskite-based solar cells
  • Photobleaching
  • Photovoltaics
  • Power conversion efficiency
  • Quantum efficiency
  • Roll-to-roll processing
  • Selenization
  • Silicon-based solar cells
  • Soiling
  • Tandem cells
  • Thin-film photovoltaics
  • Water vapor transmission rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)


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