Sustainable Engineering in the Global Energy Sector

Kaufui Vincent Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current age is one in dire need of teaching engineers of all branches about sustainability. The principle is that engineering choices have to be decided in the framework of constraints related to energy and materials and decreasing wastes. The federal government would be the most appropriate entity to take actions to drive the burgeoning of sustainable energy technologies. Coal is the most popular fuel globally used with the Rankine cycle for electric power generation. Most of the electric power produced in the world is generated via the Rankine cycle. One of the most efficient simple thermodynamic cycles for electric power generation currently is the gas cycle using natural gas, with the additional potential to decouple the energy sector from the water sector. The combined gas and Rankine cycle is an even more efficient cycle to generate electric power, but then couples the energy sector again to the water sector. Carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas with the longest half-life, is still produced with the gas turbine cycle, but to a lesser degree than the Rankine cycle using coal. The main components of the sustainability aspects of the energy sector are outlined. A number of themes related to sustainability in the energy sector are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number024701
JournalJournal of Energy Resources Technology, Transactions of the ASME
Volume138
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Rankine cycle
Sustainable development
engineering
Electric power generation
Coal
energy
sustainability
power generation
Gases
gas
Water
coal
Greenhouse gases
Carbon Dioxide
Gas turbines
Natural gas
Carbon dioxide
Teaching
half life
turbine

Keywords

  • efficiency
  • Engineering education
  • exergy
  • food
  • nexus
  • Rankine cycle
  • water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Sustainable Engineering in the Global Energy Sector. / Wong, Kaufui Vincent.

In: Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Transactions of the ASME, Vol. 138, No. 2, 024701, 01.03.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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