Susceptibility to apoptosis measured by MYC, BCL-2, and BAX expression in arterioles and capillaries of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats

Francisco Vega, A. Panizo, J. Pardo-Mindan, J. Diez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypertension results in microvascular rarefaction or disappearance of microvessels. In the present study, we investigated the pathogenic role of apoptosis in hypertension-induced rarefaction of heart arterioles and capillaries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Experiments were performed on hearts from 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old SHR (n = 30 rats) (SHR6, SHR16, SHR30). We used as controls 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old normotensive rats (WKY) (n = 30 rats) (WKY6, WKY16, WKY30). We analyzed the expression of c-myc, bcl-2, and bax and in situ end-labeling DNA fragmentation in vascular smooth muscle cells of arterioles and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries. Endothelial cells of capillaries and endothelial and smooth muscle cells of arterioles of hypertensive animals (SHR) express more Bax protein and Myc protein than their respective normotensive controls by margins that were statistically significant. The SHR30 group expressed the lowest levels of Bcl-2 protein by a margin that was statistically significantly different from WKY30. We did not find evidence of apoptosis in arterioles or capillaries on the basis of in situ end-labeling. However, our results indicated that alterations in the expression of members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and Myc protein occurred in smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries of SHR. In conclusion, although evidence of apoptosis in arterioles and capillaries was not found by in situ end-labeling, our findings suggest that in hypertension they may have a higher susceptibility to apoptosis, and therefore rarefaction may be a consequence of apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-820
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume12
Issue number8 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 1999
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Arterioles
Inbred SHR Rats
Apoptosis
Endothelial Cells
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Hypertension
Proteins
bcl-2-Associated X Protein
Inbred WKY Rats
DNA Fragmentation
Microvessels
Vascular Smooth Muscle

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Hypertension
  • Microvascular rarefaction
  • Protooncogenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Susceptibility to apoptosis measured by MYC, BCL-2, and BAX expression in arterioles and capillaries of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats. / Vega, Francisco; Panizo, A.; Pardo-Mindan, J.; Diez, J.

In: American Journal of Hypertension, Vol. 12, No. 8 I, 13.09.1999, p. 815-820.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Hypertension results in microvascular rarefaction or disappearance of microvessels. In the present study, we investigated the pathogenic role of apoptosis in hypertension-induced rarefaction of heart arterioles and capillaries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Experiments were performed on hearts from 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old SHR (n = 30 rats) (SHR6, SHR16, SHR30). We used as controls 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old normotensive rats (WKY) (n = 30 rats) (WKY6, WKY16, WKY30). We analyzed the expression of c-myc, bcl-2, and bax and in situ end-labeling DNA fragmentation in vascular smooth muscle cells of arterioles and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries. Endothelial cells of capillaries and endothelial and smooth muscle cells of arterioles of hypertensive animals (SHR) express more Bax protein and Myc protein than their respective normotensive controls by margins that were statistically significant. The SHR30 group expressed the lowest levels of Bcl-2 protein by a margin that was statistically significantly different from WKY30. We did not find evidence of apoptosis in arterioles or capillaries on the basis of in situ end-labeling. However, our results indicated that alterations in the expression of members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and Myc protein occurred in smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries of SHR. In conclusion, although evidence of apoptosis in arterioles and capillaries was not found by in situ end-labeling, our findings suggest that in hypertension they may have a higher susceptibility to apoptosis, and therefore rarefaction may be a consequence of apoptosis.",
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AU - Panizo, A.

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AU - Diez, J.

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N2 - Hypertension results in microvascular rarefaction or disappearance of microvessels. In the present study, we investigated the pathogenic role of apoptosis in hypertension-induced rarefaction of heart arterioles and capillaries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Experiments were performed on hearts from 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old SHR (n = 30 rats) (SHR6, SHR16, SHR30). We used as controls 6-week-old, 16-week-old, and 30-week-old normotensive rats (WKY) (n = 30 rats) (WKY6, WKY16, WKY30). We analyzed the expression of c-myc, bcl-2, and bax and in situ end-labeling DNA fragmentation in vascular smooth muscle cells of arterioles and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries. Endothelial cells of capillaries and endothelial and smooth muscle cells of arterioles of hypertensive animals (SHR) express more Bax protein and Myc protein than their respective normotensive controls by margins that were statistically significant. The SHR30 group expressed the lowest levels of Bcl-2 protein by a margin that was statistically significantly different from WKY30. We did not find evidence of apoptosis in arterioles or capillaries on the basis of in situ end-labeling. However, our results indicated that alterations in the expression of members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and Myc protein occurred in smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells of arterioles and capillaries of SHR. In conclusion, although evidence of apoptosis in arterioles and capillaries was not found by in situ end-labeling, our findings suggest that in hypertension they may have a higher susceptibility to apoptosis, and therefore rarefaction may be a consequence of apoptosis.

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