Background/Objectives: Although pediatric and young adult skin cancer is uncommon, recent epidemiologic studies have shown pediatric melanoma to be on the rise in the United States. Using a population-based cancer registry, this study examined skin cancer burden and survival disparities in children and young adults. Methods: Linked data from the Florida Cancer Data System and U.S. Census were analyzed to elucidate skin cancer burden distribution and survival disparities in 1543 Florida children (0-9 years), adolescents (10-19 years), and young adults (20-24 years). These disparities were assessed according to sociodemographic groups such as sex, race, ethnicity, and neighborhood level socioeconomic status. A multivariable Cox regression model adjusted for sociodemographic, clinical, and tumor characteristics was used to predict survival. Results: Boys had a slightly greater burden of skin cancer among children (50.9%), whereas girls had the greatest burden for adolescents (54.5%) and young adults (60%). Survival differed between white, black, and other races; 1-year survival was 91.5% for whites and 77.9% for blacks. Average 3- and 5-year survival was comparable for blacks and whites. "Other" race had a 1- and 3-year survival of 96.2%. Conclusion: Because skin cancer is on the rise, it is important to elucidate the burden and determinants associated with survival outcomes to identify high-risk pediatric and young adult populations. Understanding these factors in the Florida pediatric population may provide a base for future endeavors to create culturally competent cancer prevention programs through screening, health promotion, and literacy.
- Cancer registry
- Pediatric skin cancer
- Young adult skin cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health