Survival in Patients with ≥5 Brain Metastases From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Upfront Stereotactic Radiosurgery

J. Gurewitz, D. Patel, C. Benjamin, B. R. Donahue, J. Silverman, M. Mureb, K. Bernstein, D. Kondziolka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Multiple brain metastases (BM) from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) historically has a dismal prognosis. Advances in systemic therapy for NSCLC have significantly improved survival, but the effect on prognosis in patients with NSCLC and BM is poorly understood. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may result in local control even with higher numbers of BM. We report survival outcomes of upfront SRS for ≥5 BM from metastatic NSCLC. MATERIALS/METHODS: Review of our registry identified 177 patients treated for ≥5 BM from NSCLC between 2012 and 2020, and did not undergo prior intracranial radiation or resection. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma was found in 129 patients (73%). EGFR/ALK mutations were identified in 54 patients (31%). The median number of tumors at initial SRS were 8 (range 5-35). 121 patients (68%) were treated for 5-10 BM, 31 patients (18%) for 11-15 BM, and 25 patients (14%) for > 15 BM. The median overall survival (OS) from initial SRS for all patients was 15.1 months (95% CI 11.5-18.7). Survival at 1, 2, and 3 years was 57%, 39%, and 28% respectively. Adenocarcinoma was associated with improved survival compared to non-adenocarcinoma (P < 0.001), median OS 17.1 months (95% CI 11.4-22.9) and median OS 5.7 months (95% CI 2.8-8.6), respectively. Patients with EGFR/ALK mutations had a significantly greater survival time compared to those without (P = 0.008), and median OS of 26.3 months (95% CI 19.1-33.6) versus 10.4 months (95% 6.2-14.6). Treatment of 5-10, 11-15, or > 15 tumors at initial GK were not associated with differences in survival (P = 0.48). On multivariate analysis, survival benefit remained significant in patients with adenocarcinoma (HR 0.42, 95% CI 0.24-0.72, P = 0.002), and patients with EGFR/ALK mutations (HR 0.58, 95% CI 0.37-0.91, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Patients treated with initial SRS for multiple BM from NSCLC in the modern era demonstrate longer survival as compared with historical reports. Adenocarcinoma subtype, particularly in the setting of EGFR/ALK mutation is associated with improved prognosis, even in patients with higher number of metastases. AUTHOR DISCLOSURE: J. Gurewitz: None. D. Patel: None. C. Benjamin: None. B.R. Donahue: None. J. Silverman: None. M. Mureb: None. K. Bernstein: None. D. Kondziolka: None.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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