Surgical versus medical treatment for ocular surface squamous neoplasia: A quality of life comparison

Carolina L. Mercado, Cameron Pole, James Wong, Juan F. Batlle, Fabiola Roque, Noah Shaikh, Juan C. Murillo, Anat Galor, Carol L. Karp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To characterize vision-related and psychosocial quality of life (QoL) parameters in medically and surgically treated patients with OSSN. Methods: Forty-one patients with OSSN treated with medical therapy consisting of interferon alpha 2b drops 1 MIU/ml (n = 22) or who underwent surgical excision (n = 19) were contacted. All subjects answered a quality of life assessment with an original questionnaire in which they were asked about a range of parameters. Overall satisfaction and motivating factors for treatment were also reviewed. Results: The mean age at the time of the survey was 64.6 and 51% were male with similar demographics between groups. Based on the previous cohort, rates of tumor resolution and recurrences were comparable in the two groups. Reasons for choosing a particular treatment varied between the groups. Forty percent of individuals in the medical group reported a fear of surgery (p = 0.03) and often made the decision after personal research (p = 0.008). Thirty-two percent of patients in the surgical group chose surgery due to fear of decreased vision due to lesion growth, therefore wanting immediate resolution (p = 0.09). Drops precipitated more ocular symptoms such as tearing and itchiness, on the other hand, patients who had surgery reported having more pain. Conclusion: Quality of life considerations before, during, and after OSSN treatment is an important yet understudied topic. Our study is the first to look at QoL parameters in OSSN treatment and we found that patients in both medically and surgically treated groups had similar QoL metric but were driven to choose chemotherapy due to fear of surgery and/or prior literature review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-63
Number of pages4
JournalOcular Surface
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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