Purpose: We sought to describe the outcomes of the Aurolab aqueous drainage implant (AADI) placed in the superotemporal (ST) versus the inferonasal (IN) quadrant in pediatric eyes with refractory glaucoma. Design: Retrospective comparative interventional case series. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients ≤18 years of age who underwent AADI implantation and completed a minimum of 2-year follow-up. The choice of the quadrant depended upon the amount of scarring and conjunctival mobility. Cumulative success at 2 years was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) ≤21 mm Hg or reduced by ≥20% below baseline on 2 consecutive follow-up visits after 3 months, IOP ≤5 mm Hg on 2 consecutive follow-up visits after 3 months, reoperation for glaucoma or a complication, or loss of light perception vision. Results: A total of 144 patients (144 eyes) underwent AADI placement, including 48 eyes (33%) in the IN and 96 eyes (67%) in the ST quadrants. The IOP was significantly higher in the IN group (17.5 ± 7.4 mm Hg vs 13.7 ± 6.2 mm Hg, P =. 005) with a greater number of medications (1.5 ± 1.0 vs 0.8 ± 0.9, P =. 001) after 2 years of follow-up. Cumulative success rates at 2 years were 50.7% (95% confidence interval 35.4%-63.9%) in the IN group and 65.6% (95% confidence interval 56.5%-75.7%) in the ST group (P =. 15). Complications occurred more frequently in the IN group, with significantly more tube exposure (12% vs 0%, P =. 05). Conclusions: Placement of the AADI in the ST quadrant has better IOP-related outcomes and is a safer surgical option in pediatric eyes compared with the IN quadrant. It may be prudent to avoid AADI in the IN quadrant in children unless the ST location is not a viable option.
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